Acute, Bronchitis, Acute Bronchitis, prevention, treatment, causes, affects

All about Acute Bronchitis

Bronchitis is a medical condition wherein the bronchial tubes leading to the lungs get inflamed. The foremost function of such tubes is to carry air to the lungs and so when they get inflamed, this makes someone suffer from chest pain, excess mucus, low grade fever, wheezing, coughing spells and breathing difficulties. The two forms of bronchitis are acute (short term) and chronic (ongoing) bronchial inflammation. Generally, acute bronchitis lasts for 1-3 weeks while chronic bronchitis may last for 3 months up to the 2 years. For the purpose of this article, acute bronchitis will be further discussed: what is this, what are the symptoms of this, how you can treat it and what are the ways to prevent this will all be elaborated. Acute bronchitis affects the throat, sinuses, nose and subsequently spreads into the lungs. It is initially caused by a viral respiratory infection and can be combined with another bacterial infection impacting the airways of a person. People who contract repeated situations of acute bronchitis can ultimately contract chronic bronchitis. Symptoms of acute bronchitis include:
  • Cough
  • Chest discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Wheezing or snoring
  • Low fever
  • Shortness of breathing
  • If the sputum is yellowish green, this is possibly bacterial infection
Kids with acute bronchitis may suffer from:
  • Chills
  • Runny nose
  • Muscle or back pain
  • Sore throat
Even after you surpassed acute bronchitis, you may still experience uncomfortable stretching and dry cough for a couple of weeks.

Causes of Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis can be due to contagious pathogens, typically viruses. Common viruses include rhinovirus, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus and others. Other causes of the acute bronchitis include:
  • Damage due to irritation of the airways guides to inflammation and neutrophils penetrating the lung tissue.
  • Mucosal hypersecretion is endorsed by the substance freed by neutrophils
  • Further blockage to the airways is due to goblet cells in the small airways


To treat acute bronchitis due to a virus, a doctor will diagnose your air passage through a chest x-ray. He will also recommend several home remedies for a fast recovery. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed to quickly eliminate the infection. And to finally find solace in the condition, one should follow the tips below.
  • Drink plenty of water and healthy fluids
  • Stop smoking. This tip actually applies to any form of bronchitis. This is the best way to prevent and treat acute bronchitis
  • Take enough rest
  • Take acetaminophen or aspirin for fever. Aspirin is not recommended for children with acute bronchitis though
  • Use vaporizer or humidifier in the bathroom


When you’re around people diagnosed with acute bronchitis, avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth because such parts of the body are very sensitive to infection. Also, you must observe proper hygiene. Wash your hands from time to time, especially during the cold season. You should also take the pneumococcal vaccine and flu vaccine through the help of your doctor every once a year. All these and more preventions are important to prevent getting viral infections.

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