Traumatic Brain Injury Definition
Traumatic Brain Injury Definition - Also known as intracranial injury, TBI or traumatic brain injury happens when an external force injures the brain in an extreme, traumatic way. TBI can be classified depending on the mechanism (penetrating or closed head injury) severity and other features (for example, occurring in a particular location or over a larger area). Mild TBI can cause momentary dysfunction of the brain cells while serious cases of TBI can result to torn tissues, bleeding, bruising and other physical brain damage, which can result in long-term complications or death.
TBI is a complex injury with a wide range of disabilities and symptoms. The effect of this to a person and to his family could be devastating. Every year, a lot of people unfortunately suffer from the injury. Some survive from a deep comma while others in the long run die. Worldwide, one of the many reasons why people—especially young adults and children—die and turn disable is because of TBI. Males more frequently survive TBI than females. Once a person survives TBI, he for sure will be prone to showing social, cognitive, physical, behavioral and emotional behaviors.
There are many considered causes of TBI. The most typical causes of TBI include transportation, sports or construction accidents and violence. More specifically, one can suffer from TBI due to the following circumstances.
- Motor bikes and other recreational sports.
- For children ages 2 to four, falls are the major cause of TBI.
- Domestic violence like industrial and other work-related accidents
- Blast and firearms injuries
Regardless if the injuries are mild or severe, patients of TBI are likely to receive treatment in the ICU followed by a neurosurgical ward. Treatment is based on the recovery level of the patient. If he’s in the acute stage of recovery, the foremost aim of the doctor is to stabilize the patient and to avoid further injury. For the chronic and subacute stages of recovery meanwhile, rehabilitation is the main form of treatment.
The modern science has seen critical developments in the diagnosis and treatment of TBI so that death rates will be reduced and survivors will be able to live a normal life again. Some of the present imaging techniques capitalized for the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic brain injury include MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) and computed tomography, which are definitely unavailable way back in time. Recreation, physical, occupational, vision and speech therapy can be used for the patient’s rehabilitation. Supported employment, community support and counseling services may also be beneficial.
As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure. Hence, for those who are very much active in physical sports which include motor racing, should not forget to wear their protective gears whenever into competitions and leagues. Damage from accidents can also be reduced through the use of motorcycle helmets, child safety seats, airbags, seat belts and roll bars. Responsible drivers should also be active in attending education programs that will broaden their knowledge in regard to safety laws, public policies, helmet and seat belt laws, the right speed limit and even road signs and symbols.